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ISSN : 2288-1115(Print)
ISSN : 2288-1123(Online)
Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment Vol.45 No.2 pp.218-231
DOI :

폐광산 지역의 유출수에 대한 이∙화학적 수질특성 및 Enclosure 어류 노출시험 평가

안광국*, 배대열, 한정호
충남대학교 생명과학과

Physico-chemical Characteristics and In situ Fish Enclosure Bioassays on Wastewater Outflow in Abandoned Mine Watershed

Kwang-Guk An*, Dae-Yeul Bae, Jeong-Ho Han
Department of Biological Sciences, College of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University
(Manuscript received 28 March 2012, Revised 8 May 2012, Revision accepted 30 May 2012)

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to evaluate the physico-chemical water quality,trophic and tolerance guilds in the control (Co) and impacted streams of the abandonedmine, along with the ecological health, using a multimetric health model andphysical habitat conditions of Qualitative Habitat Evaluation Index (QHEI), duringthe period of three years, 2005~2007. Also, eco-toxicity (EEt) enclosure tests wereconducted to examine the toxic effects on the outflows from the mine wastewater,using the sentinel species of Rhynchocypris oxycephalus, and we compared the biologicalresponses of the control (Co) and treatment (T) to the effluents through a NecropybasedHealth Assessment Index (Nb-HAI). Tissue impact analysis of the spleen, kidney,gill, liver, eyes, and fins were conducted in the controlled enclosure experiments (10individuals). According to the comparisons of the control (Co) vs. the treatment (T) inphysicochemical water quality, outflows from the abandoned mine resulted in lowpH of 3.2, strong acid wastewater, high ionic concentrations, based on an electricalconductivity, and high total dissolved solid (TDS). Physical habitat assessments, basedon Qualitative Habitat Evaluation Index (QHEI) did not show any statistical differences(p>0.05) in the sampling sites, whereas, the Mm-EH model values in a multimetricecological health (Mm-EH) model of the Index of Biological Integrity (IBI), usingfish assemblages, were 16~20 (fair condition) in the control and all zero (0, poor condition)in the impacted sites of mine wastewater. In addition, in enclosure eco-toxicity(EEt) tests, the model values of Nb-HAI ranged between 0 and 3 in the controls duringthe three years, indicating an excellent~good condition (Ex~G), and were >100(range: 100~137) in the impacted sites, which indicates a poor condition (P). Underthe circumstances, organ tissues, such as the liver, kidney, and gills were largelyimpaired, so that efficient water quality managements are required in the outflowarea of the abandoned mine watershed.

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